|The examples are taken from the
vocal score to Body and Soul contained on the CD Focus
on Vocals by the German National Youth Jazz Orchestra, BuJazzO
(Mons Records MR 874 - 803). The choir consists of four girls and two men.
The arrangement is by Peter Herbolzheimer.
1 shows bars
1 to 4 of the rhythm section. These four bars are repeated to complete the
eight bar intro. The intro is repeated three times thus: first time guitar
only; second time the rest of the section; third time with singers added.
The guitar plays in a
similar fashion throughout the piece. His part is constructed on the Db
and Ebm scales. The bass motif occurs regularly. Tempo is about 4 bars to
seven seconds. The recording is awe–inspiring.
2 the opening chord sequence repeats itself behind the melody
up to the Eb7(#11,#9) of bar 21. A glance through the part will show the
pitching difficulties of the lower voices, the hardest one being the tonic
of the second lowest bass singer in bar 27 on the inverted D maj7(#5)/C#
with major seventh in melody and bass. In the next bar he reverts to the
C# (here written Db) while the bass singer moves to a D, then up to the
fourth of a Cm7(b5) in bar 29.
At the change of key
there is a recurring pedal bass throughout bars 47 to 52 as follows, with
the chord changing on each bar: D maj7/A, Gm6/A, E7/A, D7/A, F#7/A, E7/A.
At bar 70 the four bars
are repeated behind the vocal up until
the Eb13(#9,#11) of bar 82. On bar 86 comes another D maj7. This one is
harder to spell: a D maj7(b5,#5)—the notes, played by the trombones, are,
from the bass up: D, F#, G#, A#, C#. The chord continues up to a Cm9 in
bar 90, followed by an F7(#5,b9) in 92, Bbm9 in 94, and Bbm(maj7) in 95.
Here the bass singers must pitch a major seventh against a seventh in the
melody: the orchestral chord there reads, downwards from the melody, Ab,
F, Db, C, A, F, Bb.
I have omitted the chord
symbols on the vocal part deliberately. It is more interesting to look first
at the horizontal lines, try them out, and then see what the arranger had
3 shows part of the ensemble that follows the vocal. The
guitar, alto and tenor saxophones double the first trumpet melody one
octave below, with the baritone an octave below that. The flute doubles
in the same octave. This gives the passage a beautifully haunting, mellow
sound, in the way that the French horns add colour to a Rob McConnell
ensemble. The spelling of the fourth chord (BI7(#9)/D is probably the nearest
one could get to a conventional chord type, although aural logic makes
it more of a D Major 13 with added #11 and I13
(#12!), or even a GI chord. Note that in one or
two cases the first trombone, in his upper register, doubles the fourth
trumpet, giving a boost to important dissonances. The two final chords
of the example are voiced in fourths. This is easier to recognise if they
are played without the written bass notes.
4 comes at bar 65 of the piece (see last article
for vocal part), and also appears right at the very end. It’s worth trying
the brass on their own at first, then with the bass, and lastly with the
saxes, who once more emulate a horn section in the first two bars.
5 we see the backing for bars 53 to 54 of the vocal, leading
into the change of key. There is nothing remarkable about the chords or
the voicings, but the study of passages of oblique motion is always useful,
and this one, when played at this point of the melody, is particularly striking.
excerpts Copyright ©1997 Peter Herbolzheimer
2001, Jazz Professional. All Rights Reserved